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Old Trades
"A mother's love for her child is like nothing else in the world. It knows no aw, no pity, it dares all things and crushes down remorselessly all that stands in its path."
~Agatha Christie
 

"Where does the family start? It starts with a young man falling in love with a girl - no superior alternative has yet been found."
Winston Churchill

 
"Children begin by loving their parents. After a time they judge them. Rarely, if ever, do they forgive them."
Oscar Wilde
 
"To us, family means putting your arms around each other and being there."  ~Barbara Bush

Old Trades

Here are a few examples below of different trades through different years in time. I will be adding more eventually. The trade of your ancestor can be a huge part of the person they were and the lifestyle they led. So when you research your ancestors find out more about the trade and the area where they were living.

Occupation
Trade Reference
Description
Year
Backsmann / Backster
Baker
Baker  
Back- Overman
Mining
This was the man who had the immediate inspection of the workings and workmen during the back-shift
1849
Mining
The back-overman superintends the management of the pit from the time the overman leaves until four o'clock in the evening, when the pit is said to "loose" or stop work
1892
 
Mining
Foreman of the pit during the "back shift," or afternoon shift, in the absence of the overman
1894
 
Badger Lincesed Pauper  
Bagman Salesman that travelled around  
Bagniokeeper   Owner of a brothel or bathhouse  
Bailiff
Mining
Foreman or overman
1894
Baler   Someone who worked either in a mill or they baled hay  
Ballad Monger   Sold ballad sheets on the streets  
Ballast Heaver   Loaded ballast in ships - commonly stone.  
Bandsman
Mining
Labourer (loader) working with a band of men
1894
Bang Beggar   This persons role was to control how long strangers were allowed to stay in a parish  
Banksmen
Mining
At the bank or top of the pit, the banksmen would unhook and empty the laden corves into the carts or waggons, from a frame or stage
1825
 
Mining
a man who draws the full tubs from the cages at the surface, when wound up by the engine, and replaces them with empty ones ; he also puts the full tubs to the weighing machine, and thence to the skreens, upon which he teems the coals. It is also his duty to keep an account of the quantity of coals and stones drawn each day.
1849
Barber
Hair
The role of a barber was to cut hair, give shaves and trim hair. Their role also consisted of dentistry and surgery in previous times  
Barm Brewer   Cultivated the brewers yeast  
Barilla Manufacturer   Made Banilla  
Baxter
Baker
Baker  
Beadle Town Cryer and officer in the parish  
Biddy A Servant many were Irish  
Black Borderer Made funerary stationery  
Blacksmith   is a person who creates objects from iron or steel  
Blentonist Water diviner  
Bluffer Innkeeper  
Boonmaster   Repaired roads and maintained them  
Bottomer
Mining
This mans job was to attend the bottom at the shaft
1894
Brakeman
Mining
To work on the machinery which included machines that raised the coal from the mind
1825
Brailler   Person who made girdles  
Brakeman or Brakesman   Operated the brakes on the winch at the pit head or on trains or trams  
Brasiator Someone who brewed ale  
Brasiler   A dyer  
Brass Cutter   A person who made copperplate engravings  
Brass Finisher   Someone who polished brass goods.  
Bratman A rough garment maker.  
Brazier Someone who repaired brass household items  
Breach Maker   Someone who made breches for guns  
Brusher
Mining
This person was employed to blast the roof or floor of a roadway to give more height or to bring down the mineral
1894
Buttocker
Mining
Miner who gets coal off at a "long-wall" face
1894
Bye Workman
Mining
Underground labourer
1894
 
Chargeman
Mining
The chargeman was the man that was in charge
1894
Chargeman Tunneller
Mining
This man was in charge of all the other tunnellers
1894
Charter Master
Mining
Contracted to working on a pit or near one
1894
Check Viewer
Mining
Safety Inspector
1849
Check Weigher
Mining
   
Clay Puddler   The Clay Puddlers role is to make the clay lining in cannals and dams and this would be done with thir feet till the clay becomes soft and smoothe  
Clayman/ cleyman
  Prepared the clay for making bricks  
Clerk   A medieval clergyman  
Coiner Someone who makes coins  
Clearer
Mining
   
Clod Hopper
Ploughman
Ploughman
 
Clogger
Shoe Maker
A person who made shoes "cloggs" in England  
Cloth Dreser /
Cropper
Clothes
Worked in a Mill or in a wool factory  
Cloth Lapper
Clothes
Removed the Yarn from the machines so that the Yarn process would continue  
Clothier /Clothesman
Clothes
This person was in the clothing industry they either sold clothes or made them  
Club Collecter   This person usually visited people once a week asking for money and payments for clothing or buriels  
Coal Backer
Mining
These people carried the coal on their backs from the barges  
Coal Burner Makes Charcoal  
Coal Dealer Someone who goes around selling coal  
Cobbler
Shoe Maker
Repairs and Makes Shoes  
Cobbleman   A fisherman who uses cobble  
Cocus
Cook
Cook (Latin)
 
Cohen
Priest
Priest
 
Cordiner or Cordwainer A shoemaker. Also a person who worked with Cordovan, a special soft leather from Spain.  
Correspondent   journalist or writer  
Corset Maker, Bone Someone who made corsets  
Corporal 
Mining
   
Corvers
Mining
   
Countour A person who collected rates.  
Coupler
Mining
   
Craneman
Mining
   
Crocker Potter  
Crutter
Mining
   
Dataler
Mining
   
Deputies
Mining
   
Dook Runnner
Mining
   
Drawer
Mining
   
Drifter
Mining
   
Drivers
Mining
   
Earer Ploughman  
Earth stopper Stopped up animal burrows  
East India Man Someone who owned a company in India  
Elymaker Oil maker  
Engine Tenter
Mining
 
Flat Lad
Mining
   
Foal
Mining
   
Force -Overman
Mining
   
Furnaceman
Mining
   
Gabeler Tax Collecter  
Gaffman Bailiff  
Gang Rider
Mining
   
Ganneker   Inkeeper  
Gaoler   Jailer  
Gater   Watchman  
Gatherer
Glass Worker
Glassworker  
Gatward   Someone who keeps Goats  
Gaunter
Clothing
Glove Maker  
Gelder   Castrates Animals  
Gentleman   Aristocrat  
Ginerr   A joiner
1891
Gin Drivers
Mining
   
Ginour
Engineer
Engineer  
Goldsmith Someone who worked with gold or someone who worked in a bank  
Grieve / Greave   Bailiff, Sheriff, Foreman  
Granger
Farmer
Farmer  
Greaser
Mining
   
Hand Putter
Mining
   
Hardground Man
Mining
   
Headsman
Mining
   
Helper-Up
Mining
   
Hewers
Mining
   
Hitcher
Mining
   
Hood Boy
Mining
   
Hooker - On
Mining
   
Incline Man
Mining
   
Inspector
Mining
   
Jigger
Mining
   
Keeper
Mining
   
Kedger
Fishing
fisherman  
Keeker
Mining
Colliery official who checked quantity and quality of coal output. A weighman.  
Keeler
Fishing
bargeman who sailed a flat bottomed boat known as a keel  
Keller   Someone who kept salt  
Kellogg Slaughterman  
Kempster   A wool comber  
Kepegest Innkeeper  
Kisser   Someone who made high armour  
Kneller   Chimney Sweep  
Knocker-Up   person employed to wake up workers in northern mills and factorys on early shifts  
Knoller   The toller of bells  
Labourer   General Labourer  
Lace Drawer A child employed in lace work, drawing out threads.  
Laceman Someone who deals within lace  
Lace Master or Mistress   A person employed workers in factories or in their homes for the production of lace  
Lace Runner Someone who did embroidered patterns on lace.  
Lagger   Sailor  
Lagraetmen   Constable  
Lamplighter / Leerie   Employed by the local council to go around the streets and light the (gas) street lamps, using a pole  
Laster
Shoe Maker
Shoe Maker  
Lamp Keeper
Mining
   
Lighterman   Works (still) on lighters - flat bottomed barges  
Lowerer
Mining
   
Marrow
Mining
   
Master Shifter
Mining
   
Master Wasteman
Mining
   
Metal Man
Mining
   
Occupier Tradesman  
Oil Colour Man   Paint Mixing Trade  
Oilman Oil Lamp Seller  
Olitor   Kitchen Gardener  
Oncostman
Mining
   
Osler   Bird Catcher  
Onsetters
Mining
   
Outworker   This is a person who works from home maybe weaving  
Overman
Mining
   
Packer
Mining
   
Pikeman
Mining
   
Quarantine   Officers of customs and quarantine, they were responsible for ensuring that anyone arriving on a vessel with a foul bill (i.e. coming from a country where plague existed), did not come ashore until they had spent a period of quarantine to make sure that symptoms of plague did not develop. This practice started in England with an act of parliament in 1710, although the origins of the word quarantine dates from 1377 in Dubrovnik. The last vestige of the British quarantine law was removed by the Public Health Act of 1896, which repealed the Quarantine Act of 1825.  
Quarrier   A Quarry Worker  
Quilter   Someone who quilted material.  
Rack Maiden   Someone employed in the tin mines of Cornwall to dress the ore, often a girl.  
Raff Merchant   A person who sold fibre  
Rag and Bone Man   Collected old rubbish from door to door  
Ridder
Mining
   
Rockman
Mining
   
Runner
Mining
   
Sack Maker Someone who makes sacks for a living  
Saddler or Harness Maker   A person who sells saddles or other furnishings for horses  
Safernman A grower of saffron.  
Saloonist   A saloon keeper.  
Sawbones   A surgeon or physician.  
Schrimpschonger   An artisan who carves in bone, ivory, or wood.  
Schumacker
Shoe Maker
Shoe Maker  
Screeners
Mining
   
Scribe   Clerk  
Scribler   A minor or worthless author  
Scrutineer An election judge  
Scullery Maid A type of female servant  
Scullion   A type of male servant  
Scutcher   A person who who beats the flax to soften the straw  
Seal Mantle Maker   Someone who made gas mantles  
Seal Presser A person who works with glass  
Sexton employee or officer of a church who cared and upkept church property  
Shackler
Mining
   
Shaftsman
Mining
   
Shifters
Mining
   
Small Leader
Mining
   
Smasher
Mining
   
Smith A metal worker  
Smugsmith A smuggler  
Souter A shoemaker.  
Sperviter Someone who keeps sparrows.  
Spittleman A hospital attendant.  
Squarewright A cabinet maker.  
Stallman
Mining
 
Stoneman
Mining
   
Switch Keeper
Mining
   
Taker Off
Mining
   
Timber Drawer
Mining
   
Trams
Mining
   
Trappers
Mining
   
Trimmer
Mining
   
Under Viewer
Mining
   
Viewer
Mining
   
Wailers
Mining
   

Wasteman

Mining
   
Water Leader
Mining
   
Way Cleaner
Mining
   
Wood Leader
Mining
   
Zincographer   designer who etched in relief a pattern on zinc plates used for printing  
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

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